The data are collected through Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire
(MLQ) Form 5X Short46 from both public and private organizations in Peshawar and Abbottabad divisions (Pakistan) and those in Ankara and Istanbul (Turkey).
Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire
. Manual and Sampler Set (3rd ed.).
Re-examining the components of transformational and transactional leadership using the multifactor leadership questionnaire
. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 72(4), 441-462.
The transformational leadership style of the department chair was measured by using the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire
(MLQ-5X) which consists of forty five (45) items.
There were 24 questions of Psychological Capital Questionnaire, and 16 questions of Psychological Ownership Questionnaire, and 45 questions of Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire
Avolio, 1990, Transformational Leadership Development: Manual for the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire
Multifactor leadership questionnaire
: Manual and sampler set.
Leadership was measured using 32 items from Avolio and Bass' (2004) Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire
This study measured the extent of transformational leadership using twenty items from the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire
(MLQ-5X Rater Form) developed by Bass and Avolio (1997).
This study employed Avolio and Bass's (2004) Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire
5X Leader Form (Short Form) to learn about leadership and identify the types of leadership.
"Transformational, transactional, and passive-avoidant leadership characteristics of a surgical resident cohort; Analysis using the multifactor leadership questionnaire
and implications for improving surgical education curriculums", Journal of Surgical Research, 148(1): 49-59.
Transformational and transactional leadership: An analysis of the factor structure of the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire
(MLQ) in a Spanish sample.