In situ reactions of monoclonal antibodies with a viable mutant of Murray Valley encephalitis virus
reveal an absence of dimeric NS1 protein.
Usutu virus, named for the Usutu River in Swaziland, is a mosquito-borne flavivirus closely related to Japanese encephalitis virus, West Nile virus, Murray Valley encephalitis virus
, and St.
Australia has witnessed the emergence of several zoonotic and arboviral pathogens associated with encephalitis; these pathogens have been either novel pathogens or pathogens appearing in new geographic locations and include Hendra virus, Murray Valley encephalitis virus
, Australian bat lyssavirus, and Kunjin and Japanese encephalitis viruses (5-7).
Samples were also tested by IgM ELISA as described with the following viral antigens: ZIKV, DENV 1-4 mixture, yellow fever virus (YFV), Japanese encephalitis virus, and Murray Valley encephalitis virus