As time has passed, NAAEC
and CEC have turned more to fact-gathering and reporting, (83) which can be crucial tasks when discussing environmental protections because information is pivotal when enacting regulations, despite the increase in information and, therefore, awareness of the environmental protections necessary to ensure that certain actions are not materially harming a state's ecosystems.
) which in turn established the Commission for
(323) Ibid., Annex 46; NAAEC
, supra note 321, Annex 41.
For example, annex 41 of the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC
) outlines compliance provisions for Canadian provinces.
See Kal Raustiala, Police Patrols & Fire Alarms in the NAAEC
, 3 LOY.
citizen submission process created by the NAAEC
, see Chris Wold et al.,
Similar protests (9) were lodged against the analogous provisions of the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC
), the side agreement to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
The Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC), an international organization created by Canada, Mexico and the United States under the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC
), issued the report "Opportunities to improve tracking of transboundary hazardous waste shipments in North America."
According to Professor Tseming Yang of the Vermont Law School, the so-called North American Agreement for Environmental Co-operation (NAAEC
) was "designed, in part, to counteract the potential adverse environmental effects of the liberalised trade under NAFTA".
Smith III, & Tseming Yang, Free Trade and the Environment: The NAFTA, the NAAEC
, and Implications for the Future, 12 TUL.
[It] operates by channeling certain types of trade conflicts into the appropriate specialized dispute settlement mechanism of limited jurisdiction and limited powers." (138) Mechanisms are found in Chapter 20, Chapter 19, Chapter 11, (139) and in provisions under the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation ("NAAEC
") (140) and the North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation ("NAALC").