the ban was somewhat insignificant, owing to the internal problems the NABBP confronted that resulted in the association splitting into two factions, amateurs and professionals....
(8) Shiffert addresses Lomax's point regarding the economic benefits of playing white teams, but explains that this aspect represents a secondary goal to Catto's pursuit of black equality: "Octavius Catto himself was trying to get Pythian into the NABBP, partly for economic reasons so they could play white teams for bigger gates, though financial concerns were hardly Catto's main reason for starting a baseball team--he was out to end Jim Crow." (9) Furthermore, he notes that, despite the interracial games which both the Pythians and other black clubs participated in during the 1870s, "African-American clubs were never allowed to join the NABBP, being treated more as curiosities than anything else ...
Thomas Jable examines African-American baseball in Philadelphia in a more profound analysis of the consequences of the NABBP ban than Shiffert's work, even though Jable wrote eleven years earlier.
Unlike the NABBP
, however, they never formalized the ban; instead, they preserved the game's racial "purity" through a "gentleman's agreement." Baseball's first commissioner, Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis, who served from 1920 to 1944, fully supported the owners' stance on race.
According to the association's announcement: "The NABBP
mission is to serve as the trade association for Black publishing and to promote the reading and recognition of African American interests and authors in the larger society and market.
They also had had to beat back an appeal by the Atlantic to the NABBP, on the grounds that the Union had used an ineligible player.
Wright's record in 43 games of 2R5 hands lost and 4R23 runs per game, was good for fourth overall among players on NABBP teams.
The NABBP then decided at its convention in December to recognize professional players and clubs.
(6) The Athletics were members of the NABBP
from 1861 to 1870, playing professionally in 1869 and 1870, in the NAPBBP from 1871 to 1875, and in the National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs in 1876.
In early 1875 he traveled to Philadelphia as the club's delegate to the annual convention of the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players (conventionally abbreviated as NA), successor to the NABBP
The Empires played, losing 24-12, and protested to the NABBP convention the following December.
The NABBP declined to sponsor one, in the entirely reasonable fear that "matches, except with the club holding the champion ball, would sink into insignificance, and the popularity of the game would therefore decline." (3) However, an unofficial, but widely recognized, championship system arose.