is a non-profit organization that was established in 1938 to promote and support education programs and related services for children and youth with disabilities in the United States and outlying areas.
Learning disabilities are not as numerous compared to just five years ago, at least partly due to efforts to recognize those disabilities in early childhood and address them through Response to Intervention (RTI) strategies, says East of the NASDSE
. "It's getting the kids early with evidence-based instruction, with the hopes of preventing many children from needing special ed services later on," he says.
Students began to be assigned to a set "program" based on the label and not always based on an identified educational need (NASDSE
Such clarity would allow for a more effective and sustainable model, as there is recognition that a thorough understanding of RTI is needed for success (Ikeda et al., 2002; NASDSE
When 15 NASDSE
staff and eight members of the board of directors traveled to Lansdowne Conference Resort, Leesburg, Virginia, they had an important goal in mind: to develop the association's first strategic plan.
, CASE, and others downplay the fact that RTI springs from IDEA 2004 because of a fear that disability identification will become the proverbial "tail that wags the dog." Thus, their proposed models tend to include a greater number of general education tiers at which assessment and instruction focus on skills, not cognitive processes.
The National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE
) organized and led a roundtable discussion of state special education directors (and, in a few cases, their staff members) on May 15, 2008.
For example, in a joint paper by the National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE
) and the Council of Administrators of Special Education (CASE) (2006), the stated goal of RTI is "to engage the general education community in conversations and strategies to provide knowledge and technical assistance to help implement this successful approach [i.e., RTI] to teaching all children, including students with disabilities" (p.
According to a qualitative study conducted by Muller & Burdette (2007) for the National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE
) and the U.S.
suggests parents and caregivers contact the following people in the order listed if they are having a problem with their child's education: (1) the child's teacher; (2) the school principal; (3) the district's special education coordinator; (4) the district superintendent; and (5) the state education agency.
This publication was developed from the McKinney-Vento Act and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) administrators one-day web-based policy forum co-hosted by the National Center for Homeless Education (NCHE) and Project Forum at the National Association for State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE
Among the useful sources are the websites for the Council of Administrators of Special Education (CASE) (www.casecec.org), the Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) (www.cec.sped.org), the National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE
) (www.nasdse.org), and the Department of Education (http://IDEA.ed.gov).