NAVFORNaval Force(s)
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Operation Atalanta, formally European Union Naval Force (EU Navfor) Somalia, is a counter-piracy military operation at sea off the Horn of Africa and in the Western Indian Ocean.
EU NAVFOR benefits from the contribution of all EU member states as well as other non-EU countries, such as Norway, Montenegro, Serbia and Ukraine.
Such forms of vigilante repression are legitimated and sanctioned by the "Best Management Practices for the Protection against Somalia Based Piracy" approved by the European Union Naval Force (EU NAVFOR), NATO, and the International Maritime Bureau, among others (BMP4, 2011).
While the majority of naval antipiracy forces fight pirates under the aegis of multilateral commands, several states--including China, India, Iran, Japan, Malaysia, and Russia--have primarily operated on a unilateral basis rather than under the command of multinational antipiracy forces such as CTF-151, NATO's Operation OPEN SHIELD, or EU NAVFOR. This posture suggests that China is trying to learn as much as it can from other navies without revealing much about its own operations, while also, clearly, maintaining ideological independence in foreign policy.
Over the last decade, 16 crisis management missions under the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) missions have been deployed in Africa to preserve peace and prevent conflict: seven military (ARTEMIS, DRC; EUFOR RD Congo; EUFOR, Chad/CAR; EU NAVFOR ATALANTA; EUTM, Somalia; EUTM, Mali; EUFOR RCA, CAR) and nine civilian (EUPOL Kinshasa, DRC; EUSEC DRC; Support to AMIS II, Sudan/Darfur; EUPOL DRC; EU SSR, Guinea-Bissau; EUAVSEC South Sudan; EUCAP NESTOR; EUCAP Sahel, Niger; EUBAM Libya).
The EU NAVFOR Operation Atalanta, in which around 15 European countries participated, was launched in 2008 to combat maritime insecurity in the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean.
The EU conducts its EU Naval Force Somalia (EU NAVFOR) Operation Atalanta, launched on December 8, 2008, in accordance with several U.N.
The operational inability of a vast naval presence in form of CTF-151, EU NAVFOR, SNMG 1 and 2 and independent deployers, to secure this oceanic-sized space has raised security concerns coupled with rise in cost of goods.
(184.) E.g., EU NAVFOR Public Affairs Office, MV Irene SL Pirated in the North Arabian Sea, EU NAVFOR (Feb.
Credendino, who commands six ships and five aircraft in EU NAVFOR's Operation Atlanta in Gulf of Aden, conceded that tackling Somali pirates on the ground was as crucial as at sea, but "our mandate is at sea", he pointed out.
The USF-I Commander designated senior commanders and senior headquarters from each of the services (i.e., AFFOR, ARFOR, NAVFOR, MARFOR) as the senior service-specific military justice headquarters for the theater.