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Weijer, "Minimal Risk and Its Implications" (2001) 11:1 NCEHR Communique 15 at 17.
The four-member NCEHR survey team looked at the policies and processes for both the biomedical and behavioural research ethics boards which review a total of 500 protocols per year.
The mission of the NCEHR is (was) to provide leadership in
The NCEHR feels that a national accreditation system, based on voluntary participation and developed in consultation with stakeholders, would improve the work of REBs, better protect human research participants and boost Canadians' trust in research.
Unlike its equivalent for research using human subjects, NCEHR, the CCAC determines policy for ethical research and has the power (through withdrawal of accreditation) to stop CIHR and NSERC funding to research institutions.
The Sponsors Table initially consisted of the sponsors of the National Council on Ethics and Human Research (NCEHR)--Health Canada, the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons and the Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR)--plus the two other federal research councils, viz.
NCEHR does not fund research, and does not have the conflicts of interest that arise when research sponsors assume responsibility for research governance.
(18) In the same vein, in a presentation "Le recrutement d'un membre de la communaute" to the General Assembly of NCEHR, Hubert Doucet (19) stressed similar questions regarding the selection of participants, their subsequent diversity of values, and the expectation of REBs.
The 2001 Regulatory Impact Statement also explicitly recognizes that there is currently no accreditation system for REBs and that Health Canada is looking into implementing such system in conjunction with CIHR and the NCEHR. It seems remarkable, though, that three years after the introduction of these new regulations, no clear regulation-based authority and no clear regulatory guidance has been given to REBs.
National Council on Ethics in Human Research (NCEHR): "Reflections on Monitoring Ethics Review of Research with Human Subjects in Canada" was published by NCEHR in 1996.
Clearly, this initiative would require substantial buy-in and technical input from CIHR and Health Canada, the National Council for Ethics in Human Research (NCEHR), as well as the relevant participating institutions.
(45) The National Council on Ethics in Human Research (NCEHR) site assessment visits focus mostly on the ethical review process: on assisting institutions in reviewing strengths and weaknesses of their current system of ethics review, to enable REBs and NCEHR to learn from each other, to foster dialogue and understanding of the utility and limits of national ethical guidelines and to develop a national database on findings from the site-visit process.
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