NCEUSNational Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector (New Delhi, India)
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NCEUS. (2009),Report of the National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector, New Delhi.
SCs and OBCs account for 85 percent of the informal workers; all of these workers are not having the benefit of social security (NCEUS 2007).
In India, these workers can be observed assembling in the early-morning 'job squares' (nakas) across cities and towns (Breman, 2004) and play a key role in industries that produce matches, woollen carpets and toys (NCEUS, 2009).
National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector (NCEUS) (2009), Skill Formation and Employment Assurance in the Unorganized Sector, New Delhi.
Those who respond with a job market-related reason, such as their belief that work is not available, the fact that they gave up their search, or the effect of some personal factor (age, race, lack of skill, and so forth), are then counted as "discouraged workers." Recognizing the inherent subjectivity in such a concept, the NCEUS recommended a measurement based on evidence of prior search and current desire and availability for a job.
Table 7: Distribution of Workers According to the Type of Employment and Sector (Million) Sectors 1999-2000 Informal Formal Total Unorganized 341.28 1.36 342.64 Sector (99.60) (0.40) (100) Organized 20.46 33.67 54.12 Sector (37.80) (62.20) (100) Total 361.74 35.02 396.76 (91.97) (8.83) (100) Sectors 2004-05 Formal Informal Total Unorganized 1.43 393.47 394.90 Sector (0.36) (99.64) (100) Organized 33.42 29.14 62.57 Sector (53.42) (46.58) (100) Total 34.85 422.61 457.46 (7.46) (92.38) (100) Sectors 2009-10 informal Formal Total Unorganized 385.08 2.26 387.34 Sector (99.40) (0.60) (100) Organized 42.14 30.74 72.88 Sector (57.80) (42.20) (100) Total 427.22 33.00 460.22 (92.80) (7.20) (100) Source: NCEUS (2007), NSSO 2011.
The National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector (NCEUS), has extensively profiled the unorganized sector and unorganized employment in its report, "The Challenges of Employment in India-An Informal Economy Perspective".
Thanks to the Left presence and the opportunistic role of the regional parties and the opposition parties the UPA-1 was muted save for institution of the National Commission for the Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector (NCEUS).
According to National Commission for the Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector (NCEUS) 2007, in non-farm activities in India, 89 per cent of the enterprises and establishments are unorganized sector enterprises employing less than 10 workers in all.
The same year, the government set up a National Commission on Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector (NCEUS), which was mandated, among other tasks, to review the national policy on street vendors.
Notwithstanding such prominence, certain findings of NCEUS like 77 percent of the population live with a per capita daily consumption of up to Rs.
About 20 percent of workers working as full time and the vast majority are working as part time workers (Devos, 2010) .Nearly 84 per cent in urban areas and 92 per cent in rural areas, were found to get wages below the National Minimum Wage of Rs.66 per day (NCEUS 2006).