has created a Code of Ethics for health care
The Massachusetts' Medical Interpreters Association, the California Health Interpreters Association, and the NCIHC are in the process of developing state certification programs (NCIHC, 2001).
Interpreter perspectives may be viewed along a continuum from neutral to active (Cheng 1991, 1998; NCIHC, 2001).
A slightly more involved interpreter perspective is "the interpreter as manager of a cross-cultural/cross-language mediated clinical encounter" (NCIHC, 2001, p.
In establishing whether or not a particular article had data on interpreter use, we first used a broad definition of interpreter to include any third-party present in a clinical interaction whose role was to facilitate oral language interpretation between a clinician and patient (NCIHC 2001).
Medical interpreting is a field in evolution, with the ongoing development of standards of practice and codes of ethics (NCIHC 2001).
[National Council on Interpreting in Health Care].
In contrast, the American national ethics and standards for medical interpreting, published by NCIHC in 2004 and 2005, focus solely on the medical context, yet these ethics and standards are broadly applied in community interpreting as well.
healthcare interpreting (NCIHC, 2004, 2005) explicitly embrace aspects of culture brokering and advocacy.
NCIHC (National Council on Interpreting in Healthcare), 2004.
Providing stepping-stones to certification, MMIA, CHIA, and NCIHC have all undertaken work developing codes of ethics, standards of practice, or certification pilot programs.
Throughout 2006 and 2007, NCIHC held twelve national forums on certification.