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NCPAPNasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
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The entire group of neonates between 750 and 1 499 g was divided into two groups: those who had received NCPAP and those who had not.
NCPAP reduces the need for surfactant in preterm infants with hyaline membrane disease.
The following relevant data were retrieved from the database: maternal data--age, parity, gravidity, antenatal care (ANC), antenatal steroids, place and mode of delivery, and HIV status; infant data--the major outcome (death or survival), gestational age (GA), BW, gender, place of birth, hypothermia, resuscitation at birth, sepsis, necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH), jaundice, NCPAP with or without surfactant, and 5-minute Apgar scores.
nCPAP has been shown to be effective in the management of older children with bronchiolitis and other respiratory illnesses, and bubble CPAP specifically reduces mortality and treatment failure compared to low-flow oxygen [12-17] and has become a mainstay of treatment for many of these conditions.
(6-8) NIV includes various types of ventilation such as nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV), NCPAP provided through soft nasal prongs or masks, and humidified oxygen delivered by high flow nasal cannula.
Iro, "Vergleich des pharyngealen stents mit konventioneller nCPAP therapie in der behandlung des obstruktiven schlaf-apnoe-syndroms," in Proceedings of the Jahresversammlung der Deutschen Gesellschaft fur Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf--und Hals-Chirurgie Rostock, Rostock, Germany, May 2009.
Takahashi et al., "Effect of nCPAP therapy on heart rate in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea," QJM, vol.
Davies, "Sleep fragmentation indices as predictors of daytime sleepiness and nCPAP response in obstructive sleep apnea," American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol.