When in 1991 the Conservative government of the day woke up to this serious omission, it requested the NCVQ to develop General National Vocational Qualifications which could be those ladders.
Spread through the country there are some 460 which have survived the rigours both of being removed from the local authorities and of having to assimilate the NCVQ's assault on their qualifications (and which will soon be having to adjust to the new Learning and Skills Council).
The message sent by NVQs is that candidates who conform to the standards and qualify are "competent" and, despite the linguistic games played by the NCVQ
, an integral part of this message (as it is received by candidates) is that those who do not qualify are not competent.
In training, the NCVQ
has adopted an output-oriented approach to qualification.
This has then provided discursive resources to these agencies to question the standardized methodology required by NCVQ
and the Employment Department.
The logic followed by the NCVQ
further dictates that, where a given occupation has been defined in terms of a set of competences, the candidate for assessment must perform satisfactorily in each and every one of these competences in order to receive an award.
The initiative and impetus to develop the advanced GNVQ in Management Studies came primarily from the National Council of Vocational Qualifications (NCVQ
), although the members of the development team felt that there were also pragmatic reasons for proceeding, as well as other external pressures.
Firms believing that their internal training merits subsidy could ask the NCVQ
to accredit it.
We are now ready to outline how vocational qualifications are awarded in Continental Europe, concentrating on those aspects which differ from Britain under the principles promoted by NCVQ
. The number of accredited training-occupations, and the number of associated vocational qualifications, is limited to just under 400 in Germany, France and the Netherlands; in Britain, under NCVQ
arrangements which give priority to the views of employers, much larger numbers of approved qualifications are likely to emerge - perhaps running into very many thousands.
For those familiar with the qualification systems of Continental Europe (hereafter `Europe', for short), some doubts are nevertheless raised by the principles on which the new National Council for Vocational Qualifications (NCVQ
) proposes to work; these doubts relate, not to details which can safely be left to technical experts for due resolution, but to matters of fundamental principle deserving wider consideration at the outset.
These conform to the National Council for Vocational Qualifications (NCVQ
) insistence on 'employer-led competence'.
The retailing industry's initial difficulties in deciding which elements of training were desirable in modern conditions led to delays in NCVQ
accrediting qualifications for the retail sector.