The Jamaica Reproductive Health Survey 2008 (NFPB 2010) is a population-based probability survey consisting of face-to-face interviews with women (15-49 years).
(6) Some of these include economic inequality between partners resulting in women's dependence, the widespread acceptance of violence to resolve conflicts, the virtual absence of effective legislation to protect women's rights, and women's ignorance of measures to prevent the occurrence (NFPB 2010: 6)
(7) According to the NFPB, women subjected to domestic violence may be unable to use contraception effectively and consistently, and may lack control or negotiation skills that will enable them to avoid unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS (2010: 6).
In the early years, the NFPB
functioned relatively autonomously,
Labor productivity in the NFPB sector over these four years, according to the official data as of July 2005, registered a growth rate of 3.89 percent a year.
The complementary revisions to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) productivity data reduced the annual growth rate of NFPB productivity over the recent four-year interval from 3.89 percent a year to 3.57 percent a year.
Similar findings are reported by the 2008 Reproductive Health Survey (NFPB 2008).
Most, however, engaged in consensual sex for the first time with someone within five years of their own age (NFPB 2008; Holder-Nevins 2009; Wilks et al.
The next to last term, which I call the "mix effect," measures the ratio of output per payroll employee in the total economy to that in the NFPB sector.
This relationship states that, by definition, the logarithm of real GDP (q) is equal to the sum of the logarithms of the following: output per hour (p), hours per employee in the NFPB sector (h), the employment rate (e), the LFPR (f), the working-age population (n), the mix effect (m), and the payroll-to-household employment ratio (s):
Finally, it closes with a brief analysis of how the work of family planning advocates within and outside these groups helped fuel a renewed momentum for the cause in the late '50s and early '60s, which ultimately led to the creation of the NFPB in 1967.
(142) Such efforts would be formalised in 1966 with the creation of a Family Planning Unit within the Ministry of Health and re-organised in 1967 with the creation of the National Family Planning Board (NFPB).143 Armed with new birth control innovations, such as the pill and the IUD, and substantial funding from the local government and international aid groups, the NFPB oversaw a considerable expansion of services in government bodies as well as outreach programmes (Miller 1978, 5-18).