Diabetes Medication Adherence and Changes in Healthcare Resource Use Over Time - In this longitudinal NHWS
poster Kantar Health examined how adherence influences healthcare resource utilization (HCRU) over time.
The researchers found that, compared with NHW
, at diagnosis, AA participants had higher age- and sex-adjusted body mass index (BMI), more advanced pubertal development, and higher frequency of presentation in diabetic ketoacidosis.
The findings, which show that MAs had a mean score of 86 on the Modified Mini-Mental State Examination (3MSE; range: 0-100), compared with 92 for NHWs
, come from a prospective study of MAs and NHWs
in Corpus Christi, Tex., where both populations have long-established residencies.
Studies show significantly lower rates of skin self-examinations [36-41] and physician-assisted skin examinations [41-43] among Hispanics compared to NHWs
. Among Hispanics, factors associated with skin self-examinations and receipt of physician-assisted skin examinations include greater US acculturation, older age, an increased number of melanoma risk factors, physician recommendations [44,45], country of origin , elevated levels of skin cancer knowledge, and heightened awareness of perceived skin cancer risks.
Importantly, WAI were also healthier as compared to AAs and NHWs
, reporting in their medical history fewer health conditions (Table 1).
Given the extant literature, we hypothesized that compared to NHWs
, racial/ethnic minorities would be less likely to report being assessed and treated for mental health and substance problems and referred for specialty care.
Ethnical or racial differences also highly affect BMD values as reported by many studies21,22 which we also confirm as our results comprised 7712 MAs, 11236 NHWs
and 7267 NHBs, and both NHB genders had significantly higher BMD.
Respondents for the 2011 Brazil NHWS
were recruited through both Internet-based commercial survey panels, as well as through in-person recruitment.
While overall cancer rates in the Hmong community are lower than those for Asian Pacific Islanders (API) or non-Hispanic whites (NHW
), Hmong demonstrate elevated rates of several cancers, most notably liver, stomach, nasopharyngeal, and cervical as well as leukemia (Mills, Yang, & Riordan, 2005).
Age, sex, race, education, possession of health insurance, household income, cigarettesmoking, frequency of alcohol use, and self-reported diagnosis of a variety of medical conditions were assessed in NHWS
. Diagnoses were used to calculate the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI)  for use as a covariate in analyses of health outcomes.
A single survey like the NHWS
can be used by both outcomes research and market research for more advanced purposes than sizing a market and improving physician diagnoses.