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Reports from cities such as New York, New Haven and Chicago showed marked increases in the proportion of non-injecting heroin users (NIHUs) entering publicly funded drug treatment programs (1-3).
NIHUs are at risk of transitioning to injection drug use, thus increasing their risks of infection with blood-borne pathogens.
NIHUs are also at risk of HIV infection through their sexual practices.
HIV transmission fueled by NIHUs is of critical concern in Puerto Rico.
In this study, we compared male and female NIHUs from Puerto Rico across a number of domains, including sociodemographic characteristics, drug use patterns and drug dependence, history of trauma and psychopathology, social support, and sexual risk behavior and history of sexually transmitted diseases.
Table 1 shows the demographic characteristics of NIHUs and their gender comparisons.
Table 2 shows drug-related measures of NIHUs. Three quarters of participants reported at least weekly use of marihuana, with females being less likely to report it than males (56.8% vs.
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- Nihongo Instructor Club
- Nihongo Kyoiku Gakkai
- Nihongo Yet Another Os 2 Shell
- Nihonkai Cable Network
- Nihonkai Environmental Service
- Nihonkai Mathematical Journal
- Nihonkai Telecasting Co., Ltd.
- NIHR CSP
- NIHR Health Technology Assessment programme
- NII OIPT
- Niiazbekov, Sabir
- Niiazbekov, Sabir Bilialovich