Figure 2 shows entrance rates as a percentage of people who were NILF
the previous month instead of as a percentage of the population; these entrance rates show a much more marked decline in recent years because people who are NILF
are an increasing proportion of the population.
After showing that immigrants and married men are under-represented in the NILF
ranks, he writes:
The economist said there was no data on NILF
breakdown, for instance, on whether there was an increase in able-bodied people choosing to stay home or studying full time.
Some older workers who would today be counted as retired and therefore NILF
may have been counted by the census as gainfully employed workers with long spells of unemployment.
As shown in Table I, the sample of wives whose husbands became unemployed has employment and NILF
rates slightly less than the population rates, yet they are more than twice as likely to be unemployed.
The estimated [theta] parameters, which account for employment type heterogeneity within the Dogit framework, are presented in Table 3: Onilf denotes the estimated [theta] parameter for the NILF
I argue that instead of attempting to classify individuals into a finite number of categories ranging from NILF
to employed, there should be a continuum of employment outcomes.
(Norwegian Agricultural Economics Research Institute) (1999),
Second, in both 1994 and 2008 the personal income of CDEP participants was substantially higher than that of the unemployed or those NILE For example, in 2008 in remote areas the income of CDEP participants was $359, which was substantially higher than the weekly income of the unemployed in these areas ($231) and those NILF
15) The ATUS data do not distinguish between different reasons for being NILF
(as is done in the CPS); however, it is possible to identify respondents who report that they did not work because they were disabled or unable to work.
(Norwegian Agricultural Economics Research Institute) (1999), "Matens pris" (Food prices), Report 1999:4, http://www.
This figure compares with 15 per cent NILF
for those with no care responsibilities, and 25 to 35 per cent NILF
for those who have medium level care responsibilities.