NIYCNational Inspirational Youth Convention
NIYCNational Indian Youth Council, Inc. (Albuquerque, New Mexico)
Copyright 1988-2018, All rights reserved.
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The NIYC was gaining national visibility and credibility in its campaign for tribal self-determination and the right of cultural determinacy, and each year an increasing number of enrollees were NIYC members, bringing this anger and frustration with them.
It gained a momentum of its own." He credited much of the success of this momentum and the intellectual vibrancy of the class of 1964 to the influence of the NIYC in spreading its message of pride and honor in tribal identity.
By the time that the NIYC assumed sponsorship of the workshops in 1967, its leaders and workshop alumni had testified before Congress and spoken before the vice president, the secretary of the interior, and the commissioner of Indian Affairs.
These were superficial changes compared to the way the NIYC reorganized the curriculum, however.
In November 1972 the Trail of Broken Treaties, a cross-country caravan of Native American activists from a variety of organizations, including AIM and NIYC, arrived in Washington, DC, to deliver a letter concerning American Indians' relationship with the federal government to the president.
Fellow activist and NIYC member Hank Adams later remembered Warrior as a cultural carrier rather than a political animal.
Indeed, while on his way from the Workshops in Boulder to the formative meeting of the NIYC in Gallup, New Mexico, he took a rather circuitous route via the All American Indian Days celebration in Sheridan, Wyoming.
Warrior's first three years in the NIYC were primarily spent attending college, fund-raising, attempting to professionalize the organization, and visiting various regional youth councils to recruit, energize, and agitate his fellow American Indian students.
Take, for instance, Clyde Warrior, a founding member of the NIYC known foremost as an advocate of Indian nationalism.
Founded in 1961, the NIYC was led by individuals such as Clyde Warrior, Mel Thom, and Herbert Blatchford (Steiner 1968).
The NIYC quickly became active on the national level by participating in the anti-poverty march on Washington in 1963, symbolizing its activism through the term "Red Power" (McNickle 1973:117).
On the heels of the NIYC came the American Indian Movement.