The 1991-1992 NLAES
showed the lowest rates of lifetime drinking among Southern residents, followed by residents of the Midwest, West, and Northeast (Grant 1997).
The 1991-1992 NLAES is a nationally representative survey of the United States population sponsored by NIAAA and has been described in more detail elsewhere (Grant et al.
The NLAES data were weighted: (1) to adjust for probabilities of selection; (2) to account for the selection of one sample person from each household; (3) to account for oversampling young adults; and (4) to account for nonresponse at the household and person levels.
Further, only NLAES and NSMHWB reported homotypic comorbidity data using the most recent diagnostic criteria, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) (American Psychiatric Association, 1994).
Further, an update of the earlier studies reviewed here is critical since recent comparisons between NLAES and NESARC have shown significant increases in alcohol use disorders (Grant et al.
Other than the discrepancy discussed above, the distribution of past-year status found in the current study was similar to that reported in the earlier analysis of the NLAES
data, insofar as the data permit comparison.
To ensure adequate numbers of respondents for analytic purposes, over-sampling of Blacks in NLAES
and of Blacks and Hispanics in NESARC was implemented at the design phase.
3) (1) SE = standard error (2) AIAN = American Indian/Alaska Native (3) NHOPI = Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander Percent Frequency of Drinking 1991-1992 NLAES
2001-2002 NESARC Nt ce 57.
assessed lifetime abstainers and lifetime infrequent drinkers as one category.
data showed that the younger respondents were when they first began to drink alcohol, the more likely they were to develop alcohol dependence (Grant 1998).
Data from the NLAES
reveal that Whites are more likely than Blacks to develop alcohol dependence, but no more likely than Hispanics (Grant 1997).
found that the risk for developing an AUD was substantially increased among those who started drinking before age 17 (24.