NLCHPNational Law Center for Homelessness and Poverty
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According to the NLCHP, one eighth of the nation's supply of low-income housing has been permanently lost since 2001.
A 2014 survey of 187 cities by the NLCHP found that 24 percent of cities make it a city-wide crime to beg in public, 33 percent make it illegal to stand around or loiter anyplace in the city, 18 percent make it a crime to sleep anywhere in public, 43 percent make it illegal to sleep in your car, and 53 percent make it illegal to sit or lie down in particular public places.
(290) Following advocacy initiatives in partnership with the NLCHP to
cities surveyed by the NLCHP, more than half prohibited sitting or lying
each case, NLCHP worked with the local groups to support their efforts.
In 1999, the NLCHP published an influential report (Out of Sight--Out of Mind?
Interestingly, many of the articles and columns detailing ongoing patterns of criminalization also present various alternatives to criminalization that accord with, but also go beyond, those suggested by Maria Foscarinis and the NLCHP. In an article from Chapel Hill (Blythe, 1998), a local civil rights lawyer asserts that "the town needs to ...
Standard justifications have included public health and safety, economics, and aesthetics (see NLCHP, 1999; Foscarinis, 1996).
The NLCHP (1999) asserts that the theory "raises serious concerns about basic fairness.
The likely success of the only safeguard suggested by [Wilson and Kelling]--appropriate selection, training, and supervision of police officers--is belied by examples of discriminatory enforcement of criminal laws and ordinances by police officers across the country" (NLCHP, 1999).
(14.) A joint report by the National Coalition for the Homeless (NCH) and the NLCHP (2002) confirms the prevalence of such practices: "People who are homeless routinely report losing their possessions, identification, medication, and employment as a result of being arrested.