Participants completed four measures that assessed the variables of interest: social anxiety, assertiveness, self-construal, and NMRE.
Total scores for the NMR range from 30 to 150, with higher scores indicating higher levels of NMRE.
Social anxiety was negatively correlated with NMRE (r = -.
Hypothesis 1 stated that social anxiety would predict assertiveness, but that NMRE would moderate this relation.
2012) had reported a negative relation between NMRE and social anxiety, and multiple researchers have reported that NMRE predicted active coping strategies for distress across a variety of contexts (Catanzaro, 1996; Kirsch, Mearns, & Catanzaro, 1990; Mearns, 1991).
Furthermore, though NMRE did not influence the relationship between social anxiety and assertiveness, independent self-construal was a significant predictor of both social anxiety and assertiveness.
Although previous research has not examined the role of independent self-construal or NMRE on assertiveness, the current study provides initial support for a relationship between independent self-construal, social anxiety, and assertiveness.