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Since 1973, surveys carried out by the NNMB have been a major source of data on diet and nutritional status of the Indian population.
Similar findings have been reported in surveys conducted by National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (NNMB), that the median energy intake in males (8.703 MJ; 2080 Kcal) and females (7.067 MJ; 1689 Kcal) were less than the RDA .
The most recent composite national data of NNMB has documented hypertension prevalence of 25 per cent among rural adults (5).
Data from NNMB surveys (15) showed that iron and folic acid intake in the country in all the age groups was very low.
[6.] National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (NNMB) Diet and nutrition survey on tribal population, 1999.
The NNMB survey (17) revealed that the intake of dietary iron is grossly inadequate in most of the States, meeting less than 50 per cent of RDA of males (28 mg) or females (30 mg).
Protein calorie adequacy among rural households: NNMB has been collecting information on diet and nutritional status of rural households for 10 States since 1974-1975 (12-15).
Data from surveys carried out by Nutrition Foundation of India (NFI) (9), Indian Council of Medical Research (10) (ICMR), National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (11) (NNMB) and District Level Household Survey (12) (DLHS) showed that there has not been any decline in the prevalence of anaemia in pregnancy.
In response to WHO report five major surveys have been done in India, National Family Health Survey (NFHS) 2 and 3, District Level Household Survey (DLHS) 2, Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) Micronutrient Survey and Micronutrient Survey conducted by National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (NNMB).
[2.] NNMB (2003) Prevalence of Micronutrient Deficiencies.
National surveys (National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau, NNMB; National Family Health Survey, NFHS; and District Level Household Survey, DLHS) have shown that in India, steps taken for the protection and promotion of the practice of breastfeeding have been effective and breast-feeding is almost universal.
 The prevalence of Bitot's spots (based on NNMB pooled data of seven states) was 1.8, 0.7 and 0.7 respectively, during the surveys carried out in 1975-79, 198890 and 1996-97.
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