NNMBNational Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (India)
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Data from NNMB surveys (15) showed that iron and folic acid intake in the country in all the age groups was very low.
NNMB surveys (8) showed that the proportion of pregnant women who receive IFA tablets is not high even among well-performing States like Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Maharashtra.
The NNMB survey (17) revealed that the intake of dietary iron is grossly inadequate in most of the States, meeting less than 50 per cent of RDA of males (28 mg) or females (30 mg).
In an attempt to evaluate the impact of food matrix, in vitro non-haem iron solubility from typical Indian composite diets of Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat (based on NNMB diet survey, 2001) (21) was carried out.
Protein calorie adequacy among rural households: NNMB has been collecting information on diet and nutritional status of rural households for 10 States since 1974-1975 (12-15).
Time trends in the prevalence of undernutrition among preschool children: The NNMB (1990-1991 to 2000-2006) and NFHS (1993-1994 to 2005-2006) surveys revealed that though there is a declining trend, but still the problem of undernutrition is alarming in India (Table VIII) (9-15).
Data from NNMB surveys showed that iron and folic acid intake in the country in all the age groups was very low.
9%) in children under 6 years of age in this study is closer to prevalence observed by NNMB (0.
Data on energy intake in children, adolescents and adults from NNMB survey (2000) (14) showed (Table IV) that mean energy intake, as percentage of RDA is the least among the preschool children, though their requirement is the lowest and the gap between RDA and actual intake is highest in preschool children.
In a study conducted by the NNMB in 2002 in Kerala along with 8 other states has put the prevalence of malnutrition in Kerala at 40.
5) According to NNMB report 2006 the overall prevalence of stunting (Height for age <Median -2SD) was observed to be 45%, while that of severe stunting (Height for age <Median -3SD) was 20%.
NFHS 2 and 3 reported lower prevalence of anaemia in women and pregnant women as compared to DLHS, NNMB and CMR Micronutrient surveys a teaching Hospital patient based study is helpful in assessing true nature of problem in the community.