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NOAONational Optical Astronomy Observatory (Tucson, AZ)
NOAONew Orleans Academy of Ophthalmology
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The NSF signed a lease in 1958 with the Tohono O'odham nation for the use of about 270 acres on top of the mountain and then created cooperative agreements with what would later become NOAO and NSO for operating various telescope facilities on the summit.
Instead, NOAO, under its agreement with NSF, acts as the landlord--maintaining the roads and providing the utilities--while numerous other universities, partnerships, and organizations (such as NSO) do the owning and operating (see table above).
5-meter was built in the 1990s and operated by a partnership of three universities --the University of Wisconsin, Indiana University, and Yale--plus NOAO, with the four holding a 26%, 17%, 17%, and 40% share of the partnership, respectively.
Similarly, NSO controlled and operated the two solar scopes on the mountain, the McMath-Pierce Solar Telescope and (until 2014) the Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) facility, with NOAO again acting as landlord.
Thus, despite being proprietor over this telescopic metropolis, NOAO fully owns only two telescopes there, the 4-meter Mayall and the 2.
The review also decided, however, that NOAO would remain as Kitt Peak's landlord, maintaining the utilities and roads as it has for decades.
NOAO will continue to operate the telescope, but the Department of Energy will fund it.
According to a NOAO prospectus, the NNTT would cost about $125 million in 1985 dollars.
NOAO is carrying out a site survey for the segmented US-Canadian Thirty Meter Telescope, still in the planning stage, and ESO is considering Chajnantor as a possible location for its futuristic OverWhelmingly Large (OWL) Telescope.
McCray salts the text with diverse anecdotes, such as when an insurance claim was filed after the 450-ton rotating building (not dome, building) of the Multiple Mirror Telescope struck a car, or when corporate executives pulled up to NOAO in a limousine and supposedly threatened a lawsuit that could sink the Gemini project.
Contrary opinions held by telescope designers at NOAO and Steward Observatory located just across Cherry Avenue from each other in Tucson, Arizona, led to that simple city street being referred to as "Cherry Canyon.
Over the disagreements narrated by McCray hangs the disenchantment that arose between large-telescope engineers at NOAO and astronomers elsewhere.