Because prior classification studies found more females in classes preferring NPCE over PCE (Lopez et al., 2006; Moely et al., 2008), we anticipated the same gender discrepancy in our own study if such a class emerged.
If such classes emerge, more females in classes valuing NPCE over PCE and more males in classes valuing PCE over NPCE
Class 2, which contained 16% of students, was characterized by having high probabilities of considering PCE activities as important and low to moderate probabilities of considering NPCE activities as important.
Universities can help non-political engagers transition to super engagers by providing and promoting PCE programming and helping students consider their NPCE activities through a political lens.
There are disadvantages, however, to including NPCE and PCE within the larger umbrella of CE.