NPHAPNational Pesticide Hazard Assessment Program (EPA)
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Misunderstanding: The NPHAP makes everyone do urine drug screens to be punitive.
Fact: The NPHAP is an abstinence based program and does require that all licensees participate in a random urine drug screening process.
Misunderstanding: The NPHAP is paid a fee for each nurse who is referred to the program and for each nurse who is recommended for monitoring.
Misunderstanding: The NPHAP only provides services for those with a substance use disorder and does not have a "track" for those with a mental health disorder.
All individuals referred to the NPHAP receive a comprehensive evaluation which 1) utilizes evidence-based standardized screening tools and 2) utilizes the DSM-5 to arrive at a diagnosis, as applicable.
Misunderstanding: The NPHAP does not help nurses return to work.
Fact: The primary purpose of the NPHAP is public protection.
Nurses may self-refer to the NPHAP, or may be referred by others, including the SBON, employers, treatment providers, family, and friends.
Nurses can participate in the NPHAP prior to experiencing work performance issues and prevent action from the SBON This type of self-referral could allow a nurse to remain unknown to the SBON.
In the instance of a complaint to the SBON and subsequent investigation, appropriate action is determined Such action may include a determination that an Agreement to Participate (ATP) may be offered to a nurse who has violated the Nurse Practice Act and is struggling with a substance use, mental health, or physical issue In general, the nurse would be asked to sign the ATP with the SBON, thereby agreeing to participate with the NPHAP The nurse would remain unknown to the public as long as there is compliance and successful completion of the NPHAP.
The NPHAP provides presentations throughout Colorado at no cost to the community (e.g., nurses, nursing students, human resources, risk managers, staff within healthcare organizations, nursing organizations) Presentations focus on the scope and impact of substance use and mental health issues in the workplace as well as strategies for what supervisors/ managers and healthcare professionals can do Risk factors, signs and symptoms, and the effects on health, well-being, and employment are reviewed Presentations on stress management, compassion fatigue, sleep, dealing with change, and nutrition and mental health are available.
Nurses in the NPHAP are most often employed in their profession.