NPHIs are the linchpin of public health systems in >80 countries.
NPHIs vary greatly from multifunctional and multidisciplinary agencies such as the US CDC, the Robert Koch Institute (Berlin, Germany), the Chinese CDC (Beijing, China) the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) (Bilthoven, the Netherlands), Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), and the Public Health Agency of Canada (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada) to more targeted ones such as the Health Protection Agency (London, UK) and the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (Johannesburg, South Africa).
SARS provided an opportunity to recognize the value of the effectiveness of NPHIs when present and the risk for added toll of illness when absent.
The original purpose of Angola's NPHI, called INSP, was to provide public health laboratory services and conduct health system investigations.
Nigeria's NPHI, the Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, was developed to engage in research programmes, training of health personnel, and laboratory activities.
With a public health focus centred on service, research, teaching, and training, the NICD is a full NPHI in terms of its facilities, scientific expertise, and integration of laboratory and epidemiological functions, as well as its research, reference, and teaching responsibilities and international liaisons.
The cornerstone of the IANPHI approach is a peer-assistance model for NPHI strengthening and enhancement, with an emphasis on countries without NPHIs or with NPHIs in their early stages.
Its success will rely on the capacity and performance of national public health systems, anchored by strong national public health institutes (NPHIs).
NPHIs as focal points for leadership in prevention and control of infectious diseases.
NPHIs and public goods: a perspective from Morocco.
The lithology evaluated from NPHI and RHOB is dominantly limestone (Fig.
The dominant lithology is sandstone based on a crossplot of the NPHI and RHOB curves (Fig.