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NPOESSNational Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (US NOAA)
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Like the NPOESS, the SBIRS was conceived in an era when the prevailing wisdom called for combining missions on a single satellite to reduce the number of satellites and launches, saving development and operational costs.
Steve Mango, the chief scientist of the NPOESS IPO (1995-2008), promoted the development at NIST of thermal infrared standards and measurement methodologies for high accuracy pre-launch calibration of the NPOESS/NPP Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS) by its contractors ITT and Northrop Grumman.
The replacement for the cancelled NPOESS is still in discussion.
NOAA and DOD have begun planning to transition the NPOESS program to separate acquisitions, but neither has finalized its plans.
The contract extension provides that AT&T will continue deployment of an Internet Protocol (IP) Virtual Private Network (VPN) solution that will eventually connect 25 NPOESS locations around the world.
Ron Sega has stabilized space acquisition with his back-to-basics approach with a focus to deliver on time and on cause, bringing programs that were lacking, like TSAT (Transformational Satellite) and NPOESS, (National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System) back on track.
There are three major satellite systems currently in development with millimeter-wave sensors on board that Millitech has had involvement with: NPOESS, GPM/GMI and Herschel.
81) NPOESS is an integrated national meteorological system, resulting from a Presidentially-directed 1994 joint NASA, DOD, and NOAA enterprise, which merged the former civilian governmental Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite (POES) program and the former military Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP).
The NPOESS program is a joint Department of Defense Department of Commerce, National Aeronautics and Space Administration endeavor.
The NPOESS project will replace the current polar orbiting NOAA and DOD weather satellites and will be based on a more sophisticated series based on NASA's experience," explained Yoram Kaufman, an atmospheric scientist who was project scientist of Terra for four years.
CSAR = Combat Search and Rescue; NPOESS = National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System; SATCOM = Satellite Communications; SEAL = Sea, Air, and Land.