Further requests were made in 2017 and some technical information provided to aid in Pest Risk Analysis (PRA).The Chinese NPPO completed the PRA and gave their initial feedback to Kephis in December 2017.Harmful organismsIn the feedback, she went on, it was indicated that, out of the 104 harmful organisms affecting avocado in Kenya, 11 species which included Cryptophlebia leucotreta (false codling moth), five fruit flies species (Bactrocera cucurbitae, B.
rosa (fruitflies), four other insects (Ceraplastes rusci, Vinsonia stellifera, Lopholeucaspis cockerelli, Selenaspidus articulates (Scales) and Pseudocercospora purpurea (black spots/spot blotch) were of concern to China.Ms Kimani added: "The Chinese NPPO wanted Kenya to indicate to them which risk mitigation measures were in place to ensure the intended avocado exports were free of these pests.
Kephis provided the mitigation measures which were based on a system approach in December 2017." Subsequently, the Chinese NPPO evaluated the Kenyan risk mitigation proposal and concluded that the country had put forward a comprehensive prevention and control mechanism for the pests of interest at orchard level.They also observed that post-harvest measures such as packaging, pre-export inspection and quarantine methods would be used to prevent and control the pests cited.
These biological responses have been the subject of repeated clinical observations over the years, always showing a general improvement in the physical-psychological characteristics of the subjects treated with NPPO (17-21).
Group A comprised 688 subjects (476 females, average age 42.3 [+ or -] 13.7 yr, and 212 males, average age 42.9 [+ or -] 15.4 yr) treated with a cycle of NPPO of "active" REAC-CRM, and Group B comprised 200 subjects (control group) (136 females, average age 42.5 [+ or -] 16 yr, and 64 males, average age 43.8 [+ or -] 16.7 yr), treated with a cycle of NPPO of "placebo" REAC-CRM.
The NPPO auricular therapy protocol was used to manage and optimize these modifications (17-21).
After 18 sessions of NPPO with the active REAC-CRM (group A) and the inactive REAC-CRM (group B), the PSM test was repeated (t1).