The performance of NPSO is superior to other algorithms.
UUV start at the initial point, and the candidate point at the next step is searched using NPSO in the range of the turning angle limitation.
To compare the performance of NPSO with LWPSO/ EPSO/TVAC for path planning, the simulation is designed for path planning without dynamic obstacles.
From Table 4, NPSO and TVAC present better performance than the other PSO.
It is clear that traditional APF spent shorter time than other algorithms, and NPSO spent the longest time.
In this paper, UUV path planning for homing and docking in dynamic obstacle environment using NPSO is present and the appropriate strategy is explored at the mother vessel recovery.
This modified PSO can be termed as NPSO as observed in :
This section provides the results for various sets of linear array designs acquired using NPSO methods both with and without mutual coupling effect.
This paper investigates the design of a non-uniformly excited half wavelength symmetric linear dipole antenna array with and without mutual coupling effect using NPSO. This has shown that we are successful in suppressing the side-lobe levels first using optimized uniform excitation with fixed separation of U2 and after that the SLL is suppressed even more if the separation is also optimized in addition to the optimal excitations.