Legitimacy and the privatization of environmental governance: How NonState Market-Driven (NSMD
) governance systems gain rule-making authority.
Often highly visible through the use of logos, these NSMD
standards programs assure individual and institutional purchasers of the socio-sustainability of their transaction, thereby legitimizing it in a way that territorial governments were designed to do.
certification, a form of non-state market-driven (NSMD
An important part of the social process involved in the development of NSMD
was to indentify several key decision points that are involved in making choices in a collaborative process that facilitates both valued input and acceptance from a broad number of constituents.
The survey team collected records of NSMD
treatment for nearly 900 birds in 79 species, mostly scavengers.
Many patients taking low-dose aspirin for cardioprotection also frequently require treatment of pain and inflammation with a NSMD
. Even low-dose aspirin (75 mg/d) is known to be associated with increased GI toxicity (ulcers and hemorrhages).
For GFR, the group with the next highest exposure level [urinary cadmium, 0.75-1 [micro]g cadmium/L; mean, 0.86 [micro]g cadmium/L = 1.0 [micro]g cadmium/g creatinine; adjusted for age, BMI, and blood lead (each categorized into four groups) and for NSMD
use (into 0 or 1); Figure 1C] differed from the lowest level.
--Benjamin Cashore, Legitimacy and the Privatization of Environmental Governance: How Non-State Market-Driven (NSMD
) Governance Systems Gain Rule-Making Authority, 15 GOVERNANCE: AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICY, ADMINISTRATION, AND INSTITUTIONS 503 (2002).
For BGAs 0.5mm pitch and larger, we (and pretty much everyone else) recommend non-solder mask defined (NSMD
Two different pad layouts are included in the DoE, which are full NSMD
with 35 SMD pads in each of the four corners.
The study randomized patients expected to need regular NSMD
treatment for at least 6 months to either the cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitor (coxib) celecoxib at 200 mg b.i.d, or to a slow-release formulation of the nonselective NSAID diclofenac at 75 mg b.i.d.
In both the original and supplemental studies, pad definition was found to have significant impact on print quality; solder-mask-defined pads (SMD) demonstrated lower deposit variation with less overall volume, whereas non-solder-mask-defined pads (NSMD
) produced greater deposit variation but with greater volume.