NWFZNuclear Weapon Free Zone
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References in periodicals archive ?
The Central Asian NWFZ is the most recent of four existing NWFZ's and thus would be a suitable model for a Gulf zone.
The NWFZ approach would entail concessions by all parties.
Only a U.S.-supported NWFZ can meet the denuclearization conditions to which Kim's regime has alluded, including the removal of nuclear threats and a "commitment not to introduce the means to carry out a nuclear strike." Elements of a NWFZ can realistically be negotiated alongside the provisions of a credible and comprehensive peace deal, though the negotiations will undoubtedly be difficult.
For an NWFZ to be possible, South Korea would have to agree to be outside the US nuclear umbrella - not a particularly popular notion in the country.
It calls upon all parties directly concerned to consider undertaking needed steps, including confidence-building and verification measures, aimed at establishing an NWFZ in the Middle East.
In the opening chapter, the authors misleadingly state that Iran called for establishing a NWFZ in the Middle East in 2007.
The protocol provides legally-binding assurances not to use or threaten to use nuclear weapons against parties to the NWFZ parties.
The seeds planted for creating such a zone date back to 9 December 1974, when the General Assembly passed an Iranian and Egyptian resolution calling for a Middle East nuclear weapons-free zone (NWFZ).
The nuclear-weapon-free zones (NWFZs) reinforce the undertakings of NPT non-nuclear-weapon state members and give confidence at a regional level that states are not seeking nuclear weapons.
The nuclear arms control and disarmament issue area has always been premised on two parallel tracks: the US-favoured discriminatory approach embodied in the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) with differing sets of rights and obligations for nuclear and non-nuclear weapon states, but also reflected in treaties like the Partial Test Ban Treaty (PTBT) and now the prevailing draft of the Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty (FMCT); and the non-discriminatory approach which has been embodied in a number of international agreements and initiatives - to name just a few beginning with the (Nuclear Weapons Free Zones) NWFZs to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), the International Atomic energy Agency's (IAEA) now dead CAS initiative, etc.
No ambito global, os entendimentos pela desnuclearizacao resultaram em cinco acordos regionais atualmente em vigor no mundo, que estabeleceram zonas livres de armas nucleares Nuclear Weapons Free Zones (NWFZ) (1).
Thus, under the 3+3 NWFZ treaty, Japan and South Korea would no longer 'require' extended nuclear deterrence from the US to deter China and Russia.