As it is typically described by the Great Source Education Group and NWREL
, professional development in the Six Traits directly targets three aspects of subject-specific pedagogy: teachers' conceptualization of the subject matter of writing, teachers' knowledge of how to assess students' writing and use the results of those assessments, and teachers' repertoire of instructional strategies for teaching writing (Grossman & Schoenfeld, 2005).
A brief description, with contact information, is provided for each of the regional education laboratories; (1) Northeast and Islands Laboratory at Brown University (LAB); (2) Mid-Atlantic Laboratory for Student Success (LSS); (3) Appalachia Educational Laboratory (AEL); (4) The Regional Educational Laboratory at SERVE; (5) North Central Regional Educational Laboratory (NCREL); (6) Southwest Educational Development Laboratory (SEDL); (7) Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning (McREL); (8) WestEd; (9) Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory (NWREL
); and (10) Pacific Resources for Education and Learning (PREL).
Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory (NWREL
) Education and Work Program 101 SW Main St., Ste.
The third set of structured simulation tasks, the Assessment of Competence in Monitoring Student Achievement in the Classroom, was designed by the Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory (NWREL).
Both the RAND and the NWREL structured simulation assessments evaluated the teachers' responses to the tasks by comparing them to a list of previously identified responses or response characteristics and then awarding or deducting points based on the described scoring criteria.
EDVANTIA www.edvantia.org, 800-624-9120 THE PRESSURE'S ON 18 states require students to pass a writing test to graduate (and more states plan to do so) Both the SAT and ACT now include a writing section 73% of employers and 75% of college professors rate public school graduates as "fair or "poor" when it comes to writing clearly Sources: NWREL
, 2004, Public Agenda, 2003 WRITING: BY THE NUMBERS 76% of 12th graders performed below the proficient level on the 2002 NAEP 51% of 12th graders do not regularly receive writing assignments of three pages or more 14% of students pursuing postsecondary education place into precollege-level writing courses Sources: NCVC 2003; NWREL