The model revealed that wind farms caused regional warming of near-surface air temperature
, with greater changes in minimum temperatures than maximum temperatures.
The change of pavement temperature has an impact on surrounding environment and the near-surface air temperature and affects the thermal comfort of human body.
Their impacts on the near-surface air temperature were studied by comparison of PPCC and PCC.
Therefore, many snow and glacier surface melt models use an assumed linear LR, for example, on mean monthly or annual timescales, to distribute near-surface air temperature observations from automatic weather stations to locations at different elevations where meteorological observations are not available (e.g., ).
One of the aims of the project is to observe and analyze high-frequency near-surface air temperature fluctuations and conditions (not free-air lapse rates), including LR on Olivares Gamma Glacier [near-surface lapse rates are more variable than free-air lapse rates ].
The sensible heat flux H is expressed as a function of the near-surface air temperature
difference ([T.sub.o] - [T.sub.a] ) as:
During the summer months, the daily minimum surface and near-surface air temperature
in the city was 7 degrees F.
Anyone who has walked or bicycled from an open field into a forest on a warm, sunny day or into a shallow topographic depression in the early morning or evening has likely noticed an appreciable change in near-surface air temperature
(hereafter referred to as temperature) across these land use and topographic types.
Greenery and vegetation reduced solar radiation and lowered near-surface air temperature
due to evapotranspiration and shading and led to better thermal comfort conditions.
The researchers discovered a temperature increase of just 1 degree Celsius in near-surface air temperatures
in the tropics leads to an average annual growth rate of atmospheric carbon dioxide equivalent to one-third of the annual global emissions from combustion of fossil fuels and deforestation combined.