The aims of the current study is to investigate the determinants of founders' characteristics namely need for achievement
, innovativeness, propensity for risk taking, locus of control, and self-efficacy on SI in male and female SSO founders.
Positive traits such as those listed by N&K may constitute such strengths as, may needs and drives such as the need for achievement
, power, control, and, unfortunately, even their less salutary extremes.
McClelland (2001) indicated that the need for achievement
(n Ach) is also included in esteem needs.
For example, a self-centeredness will have influences on the locus of control, need for achievement
and propensity to take risks in ways where behavior cannot be predicted, especially where situational aspects are varied between people.
Grounded in the fact that both mastery and performance goals are based on need for achievement
thus are significant positive predictors of persistent and effortful behavior patterns of learning.
A Need for achievement
is a reflection of responsibility encouragement for solving problem.
When this factor was mentioned to others, most admitted that bad bosses had certainly sparked the idea to quit the organization, but other factors such as organization culture, the organization's corporate brand identity, one's self-esteem and one's need for achievement
prevented them from immediate action.
Studies carried out on need for achievement
(n-Ach; McClelland (1961)) and internal locus of control by McClelland (1962) and that by Timmons (1978) exhibited variations within the locus of control framework for women, were not studied including the socio-background and psychosocial influences on psycho-entrepreneurial influences.
This article studies need for achievement
, need for identification, and self-oriented motivation as examples of non-executives' motivational drivers that complement pro-organizational motivation to impact cooperation and engagement in board roles.
His theory of need for achievement
, written symbolically as 'n Ach', has received great attention from social and behavioral scientists, and is conceived as a need that involves competition with a standard of excellence (McClelland, 1955, 1965).
They include need for achievement
(Koh, 1996; Langan-Fox & Roth, 2005; McClelland, 1985), locus of control (Bonnett, 1991; Entrialgo et al., 2000; Rotter, 1966; Utsch & Rauch, 2000), risk-taking propensity (Brockhaus, 1980; Raab et al., 2005; Shaver & Scott, 1991; Stewart & Roth, 2001), innovativeness (Ho & Koh, 1992; Johnson, 1990; Koh, 1996), and social network (Aldrich & Zimmer, 1986; Hills, Lumpkin, & Singh,1997).
According to Korunka et.al, (2003) three personality constructs have emerged as "classic" characteristics associated with the entrepreneurial personality: internal locus of control, high need for achievement
and a moderate risk-taking propensity.