The protesters, recalling Nkrumah's anti-imperialist slogan, 'we face neither East nor West
; we face forward', insist Ghanaian leaders should not be entering such agreements with non-African, foreign powers.
After the revolution, Ayatollah Khomeini declared that the Islamic Republic was a neutral country that would no longer take sides, decreeing what he called a policy of "Neither East Nor West
." As a practical matter, that policy passed into history when the Soviet Union passed into history.
(7.) Marie-Louis Berneri, 'British Bombing', (September, 1943) reprinted in Neither East Nor West
: Selected Writings, 1939-1948 (London: Freedom Press, 1988), 85.
Iran's own Third Way of "neither East nor West
" gave way to a menu of relations with both the East (Sharq) and the West (Gharb).
10 Neither East nor West
by Christine Bird (Pocket Books 17.99 [pounds sterling])
Previously it marked the border between east and west; now it is neither east nor west
, but the new center.
"Neither East nor West
but Islamic republic" became a defining slogan of Iranian revolutionaries.
More than 50 years ago, Dr Kwame Nkrumah, the father of African nationalism, famously proclaimed: "We face neither East nor West
, we face forward." Fifty years on and those prophetic words have become a reality African consumers are no longer only looking East or West.
First, pro-Soviet and later pro-Russian elements have always vied for power within the Islamic regime's leadership, notwithstanding its slogan of neither east nor west
. The Supreme leader himself has a more benign view of Russia than of the United States.
For as far as the interests of Africa and the African people are concerned, there is a need to follow the wisdom in the saying of Kwame Nkrumah that "we face neither East nor West
, we face forward".
But Ayatollah Khomeini adopted "Neither East Nor West
" as official policy after the revolution.
To deceive the Mussadeqists, with whom he had a tactical alliance against the Shah, the late Ayatollah Ruhallah Khomeini launched his slogan of "Neither East nor West