The nominal effective exchange rate
has noticeably depreciated since the last meeting of the committee, increasing the inflation pressure relative to the previous forecast (such scenario was discussed in the Monetary Policy Report of November 2017).
Both tests evaluate changeable responses of short-term interest rates to (log) changes in CPI inflation and to (log) changes in the nominal effective exchange rate
Ministry of Commerce has identified soaring cost of doing business, energy shortage, increasing gap between real effective exchange rate and nominal effective exchange rate
, falling global commodity prices, heavy taxation including regulatory duties, liquidity crunch, and inordinate delays in refunds, and declining private sector credit as the key reasons for the decline in exports.
Consistent with the definition of the nominal effective exchange rate
in Figure 1, an increase in the nominal exchange rate in the equation represents a depreciation of the Singapore dollar.
A change in the RMB real effective exchange rate comes from two sources and their interaction: the RMB nominal effective exchange rate
and inflation differentials between China and its trading partners.
The Stock prices and nominal effective exchange rate
relationship (NEER) is very vital because a change in exchange rate may result in also a change in Stock Market Prices because when the currency of a country is weak then it less likely that the foreign investors will invest in that country due to currency risk.
We selected the following variables in order to analyse the interest rate transmission channel: national nominal short-term interest rate (money market 3-month interest rate), gross domestic product at constant prices, nominal effective exchange rate
and consumer price index.
Keywords: Inflation, Nominal effective exchange rate
, Financial crisis
While the nominal effective exchange rate
depreciated by some 15% (slowed by SBP intervention) from 2002 to 2007, higher inflation relative to trading partners has appreciated continuously since 2003/04.
2 percent in the Nominal Effective Exchange Rate
(NEER), the Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER) has also depreciated by 4.
A target band would apply around the central parity, while the crawl denotes the continuous adjustment of the trade-weighted nominal effective exchange rate
, by reference to the domestic inflation target relative to forecast inflation among trading partners.
The yen's nominal effective exchange rate
, or its trade weighted exchange rate, leapt 57 percent in the three years after Tokyo signed the Plaza Accord in 1985 with the United States, Britain, West Germany and France to push the dollar down and reduce the US trade deficit.