Phagocytic activity is a key indicator of enhanced non-specific immune response.
Chinese herbs (Astragalus membranaceus and Lonicera japonica) and boron enhance the non-specific immune response of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila.
Effect of multiple injections of b-glucan on non-specific immune response and disease resistance in Labeo rohita fingerlings.
Vitamin E was reported to enhance non-specific immune responses in fish and maintain flesh quality, normal resistance of red blood corpuscles to haemolysis and permeability of capillaries, even though its exact mechanism has not been demonstrated (Halver, 2002).
Therefore, the present study was performed to determine the essentiality of dietary vitamin E, its requirement for normal growth and physiology, and its effects on non-specific immune responses and disease resistance against V.
Effect of dietary ascorbic acid on growth and non-specific immune responses of tiger puffer, Takifugu rubripes.