The implication of Norwalk-like virus
in water-related outbreaks is rare, occurring only in 3 percent of outbreaks reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) from January 1996 to November 2000 (CDC, 2001).
Three Norwalk-like virus
outbreaks were reported at Oregon nursing homes in 2001 and 12 in 2002.
Laboratory findings confirmed cases of Norwalk-like virus
, which is similar to the virus that recently ran amok on several cruise ships.
* Calicivirus, also known as Norwalk-like virus
, is an extremely common cause of foodborne illness.
Prevalence of "Norwalk-like virus
" infections in outbreaks of acute nonbacterial gastroenteritis observed during the 1999-2000 season in Osaka City, Japan.
Norovirus - or Norwalk-like virus
, is the most common cause of infectious gastroenteritis in England and Wales.
Overall, 139 of the 197 attendees (95% female) responded to a baseline survey of bowel habits; 107 attendees said they became ill with what epidemiologists believe to be a Norwalk-like virus
found in the wrapping of sandwiches that were served the day before the outbreak.
Recent epidemiologic investigations into outbreaks of norovirus (previously called Norwalk-like virus
) on cruise ships and at conference facilities have had difficulty implicating a vehicle of transmission (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2002; Love, Jiang, Barrett, Farkas, & Kelly, 2002).
Most people who contracted the Norwalk or Norwalk-like virus
recovered before the end of the voyage, officials said.
Sixty-three patients and 38 staff have fallen ill from the Norwalk-like virus
at Whipps Cross Hospital in East London.
The highly infectious Norwalk-like Virus
(NVL) causes diarrhoea and vomiting.
The bug is commonly known as the small round structured virus in Britain, but its more official title is the Norwalk-like virus
, after the town in Ohio in the United States, where it was first identified.