The mainstream of statistical analysis is characterised by using the null hypothesis significance testing
(NHST) procedure which have been the predominant option over the last 75 years.
That is, endeavoring to make them free from foreign organisms, or what my medical dictionary lists as "restricting microorganisms in the environment and preventing contamination of the surgical wound." Philosophically and semantically, this difference between "sterile" and "aseptic" is like the difference between the proper phrasing of null hypothesis significance testing
. If you were to perform a statistical test on two groups to test if they are different from each other, the null hypothesis isn't that the two groups "are the same," it's that the two groups "are not different." And this is a big difference.
Dentro de ese proceso de valoracion critica de la evidencia cientifica es crucial conocer y comprender el proceso de contraste de hipotesis estadisticas mediante la ejecucion de la prueba de significacion de la hipotesis nula (Null Hypothesis Significance Testing [NHST]), sobre todo teniendo en cuenta que en el ambito de la psicologia el procedimiento de la NHST es la tecnica por excelencia en el analisis de datos (Cumming et al., 2007).
The controversy over null hypothesis significance testing revisited.
On the past and future of null hypothesis significance testing
. Journal of Wildlife Management, 66, 263-271.
Reliance on the null hypothesis significance testing
model has had significant implications for rehabilitation research and the Journal because most rehabilitation researchers are faced with samples that come from two extremes.
And according to Gill and Meier, the borrowed null hypothesis significance testing
(NHST) is so misunderstood and misused, it should be abandoned.
* augment null hypothesis significance testing
by the exact reporting of p-values;
The APA Board of Scientific Affairs recently appointed a task force to study the desirability of phasing out the use of null hypothesis significance testing
in course texts, journal articles, and so on.
A critical assessment of null hypothesis significance testing
in quantitative communication research.
THE FLAWED PRACTICE OF NULL HYPOTHESIS SIGNIFICANCE TESTING
(OR: STARS ARE STUPID)
The inference revolution that took place in psychology between 1940 and 1955 led NHST (Null Hypothesis Significance Testing
) to become the inductive inference method par excellence.