For instance, his sudden and, in McBurney's words, "patently improbable" transformation from a boy who has a "natural Talent of Talking," and has often "brought [himself] off with [his] Tongue" to childlike ingenuousness when he interacts with the Tower Hill gentlemen can be seen as Defoe's attempt to distinguish his protagonist from those precociously sly and cunning thieves who made frequent appearances between the pages of the OBSP. (38) Instead, in an intellectual parallel to the moral doli incapax, Jack is almost endearingly ignorant in this scene.
OBSP offers an intriguing glimpse of Wild's involvement in young pickpockets' activity in a trial where he appears as evidence against two young boys.
Canadian Cancer Society, Ontario Division Community Health Centres (South Riverdale and Somerset West) Hamilton Public Health Interested citizens Mount Sinai Hospital (Koffler Breast Centre) OBSP (Provincial and Ottawa region) OCSP Public Health Units (Ottawa, Peel and Toronto)
* OBSP and OCSP program materials (fact sheets and a Breast Self-Exam video in Mandarin and Cantonese).
Some of the women who had been involved in pawning, however, gave other reasons for their actions in their defence statements.(25) In all, the pawning of goods for the above reasons figured in about 15 per cent of the cases of female theft and two per cent of male.(26) While borrowing networks did not always involve pawning, and so in reality would have been considerably more extensive than the OBSP material indicates, the pawning cases do provide a window onto this informal behaviour.
The preponderance of women pawners was not a peculiarity of the OBSP, however.
Because borrowing networks were informal, and little direct evidence has survived concerning their nature and their limitations, the OBSP cases constitute one of the few sources we have for this behaviour.
While the numbers cited in the OBSP are small, it is very likely that they would have been substantially higher had the squibs been more complete.
Garthine Walker's claim that the dynamics of female theft offer a more complex view of gendered experience than many historians of crime have hitherto acknowledged is certainly borne out by the OBSP material.
See, for instance, OBSP, December 1782, Case 5, William Smith.
See, for instance, OBSP, December 1781, Case 7, Mary Carpenter; or January 1788, Case 119, Jane Williams.
See, for instance, OBSP, September 1780, Case 479, Mary Collins; or February 1783, Case 298, Ann Webb; or again, September 1784, Case 854, Sarah Hull.