A recent hypothesis is that the quality of early attachment experiences might be relevant in terms of establishing the basis for impaired affect regulation, impaired self-regulation, and the interpersonal and intrapersonal difficulties that can contribute to OCSB (Cozolino, 2006; Creeden, 2004; Hudson-Allez, 2009 ; Katehakis, 2009).
While the separate literatures on both attachment theory and OCSB are vast, there are few studies investigating the association between the two, and the existing studies have used correlational designs with non-representative samples.
These few studies suggest that sexual beliefs and behaviour can be associated with attachment style, but more research exploring the relationship between attachment and OCSB is required given that the limited overseas literature to date has involved samples of students, young adults, or men.
under 18 years old, non-New Zealand resident, or missing data on the OCSB or attachment measures).
An online survey was compiled that involved 136 questions about 1) demographic information, 2) substance use, 3) OCSB (Sexual Addiction Screening Test-Revised; Carnes, Green & Carnes, 2010), 4) adult attachment (Relationship Scale Questionnaire, Griffin & Bartholomew, 1994; Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised; Fraley, Waller, & Brennan, 2000), and 5) anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; Zigmond & Snaith, 1983).
This cutoff score is also typically used to signal OCSB and is associated with good sensitivity (82%) and specificity (78%; Carnes et al.
Table 1 displays the frequencies of demographic characteristics of the whole sample (N = 621), as well as the OCSB (n = 407) and non-OCSB groups (2) (n = 214; formed as a result of using a cut-off score of six or more on the SAST-R core item scale; Carnes et al.
There was a similar proportion of men and women in the non-OCSB group, whereas the OCSB group consisted mostly of men, [chi square] (1, n = 619) = 38.
As shown in Table 3, the OCSB group reported lower secure and higher insecure attachment in all domains than the non-OCSB group.
Additional independent samples t-tests (two-tailed) investigated whether there were differences within the OCSB group when comparing those with particularly high SAST-R scores as opposed to lower SAST-R scores.
Because the OCSB and non-OCSB groups were proportionately different in gender and age, further analyses explored whether attachment scores for the groups were different depending on these two variables.
For secure attachment, the main effect of OCSB group was significant, F(1, 615) = 68.