OENGOrganisations Environnementales Non Gouvernementales (French: Non-Governmental Environmental Organizations)
OENGOrganismes Environnementaux Non Gouvernementaux (French: Environmental Non-Governmental Organizations)
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References in periodicals archive ?
There is a very tentative possibility for comparison with OHG scaf, Grm Schaf, OEng sceap, Eng sheep, all: 'sheep' under an older hypothesis derived from IE *sqeb- (Gottlieb 1931: 19), i.e., < IE *skeb(h)-, also *skab(h)-, *skob(h)- and *ske p-, *sko p-, *ska p-(IEW 930-3) 'base of words with various technical meanings such as 'to cut', 'to scrape', 'to hack' > 'creature' (Wat 77) : Goth gaskapjan 'to create', OHG scaffon 'form, cause', OEng gesceap 'form, creation', sceppan 'to form', OEng sceafan 'to scrape, pare away', Eng shave, Grmc *skopo 'thing cut out', 'container', Gk skaphe 'boat' ('thing cut out'), Lat capo 'castrated cock', scabo 'to cut', scapula 'shoulder blade', capulare 'to cut', OSl kopati 'dig', skobli 'scraping knife' etc.
Alb dhi 'shegoat' (< *deigheha-), and further: Arm tik 'leather skin', OEng ticcen 'kid', ?Gk di'za 'she-goat', Grm Ziege 'she-goat', Wkh ti [lambda] 'goat call', Ishk dec 'goatskin bag' (M-A 229) and possibly the Phrg gloss attagos 'he-goat' (D-N 95) (N 137).
Gk etos 'year') similar to OEng wether 'wether', Goth wiprus 'one year old Iamb', OIcl vedr, OHG widar 'wether' < Grmc *wethruz perhaps 'yearling', with other suffixes: Lat vitulus 'calf, yearling' (Wat 101), OInd vatsd 'year; yearling, calf, Alb vitsh 'calf (IEW 1175).
It can be derived from IE *el-, *ol- 'red, brown (in names of trees and animals)' (IEW 302^4), in Wat 23, also without a laryngeal, or rather *[h.sub.1]elu- 'dull red' (in IE also: 'yellow; white; reddish, golden' (M-A 481) with the k-formant (Wat 23: *ol-ki) (in Gottlieb 14: 'deerlike [horned] animal'), as in OHG elho 'elk', ON elgr, OEng eolh 'elk'.
Another very tentative possibility is to analyse Hz, Ng elgit as the primary form, i.e., as a compound word: *el- + *git, where the second component in turn could be correlated with IE *gh(a)id-o- (Watkins 28, who following Pokorny stipulates that this stem could be possibly related [by metathesis] to *digh- [for which see [14]], Lat haedus, Goth gaits 'goat', OEng gat 'she-goat', Eng goat [in IEW 409: *ghaid-o 'goat', who also notes Alb qith 'goat', Mir cit 'sheep', ON kid 'young of animals'], Gottlieb (1931: 16).
Can be compared with IE *deik-, *deig- 'to show, pronounce solemnly, also in derivatives referring to the directing of words or objects', with semantics in IE of 'throw', 'justice, right', 'show, teach', 'sign, mark', 'sample, pattern', 'direction', 'region', 'meadow, pasture', 'rule, cannon, measure' (Wat 14) (M-A 158), e.g., Gk dikein 'to throw', deiknunai 'to show', OInd di's- 'direction', ON tegr 'strip of land', OHG zeiga 'directions', Av daesa 'direction, region', OEng tik ~ tik 'meadow, pasture', and from the variant *deig- OEng taecan 'show, teach', ta(c)en 'sign, mark', Goth taikns 'sign', Lat index 'indicator, forefinger' (< 'pointer') (M-A 159).
Can be compared with IE *reua- 'to open, space', suffixed zero- grade form *ru-mo-: OEng, OHG rum 'space', OProv run 'ship's hold; space' suffixed form *reu(a)-es : Lat rus 'open land, the country [countryside, open fields]' (Wat 71), in M-A 534: IE *[reuh.sub.x es] (< *[reuh.sub.x] - 'be open') and further OIr roi 'field, open land', Av ravah- 'space', Goth rums 'open space', TochAB ru- '(be) open', OCS1 ravlnu 'level'.
It can be correlated with IE *uj[h.sub.2][neh.sub.a]- 'wool' (with different enlargements also 'hair; ear of corn; forest') distributed in nine different groups, e.g., Lat lana, Gk lenos, Skt urna-, OEng wul(l), NE wool, NWels gwlan, Lith vllna, Med volna, Hitt hula na-, Av varana-, all: 'wool' (M-A2 177-8) (Wat 98).
A comparison is possible with developments from IE *kes- 'to comb, scratch, itch': Mir cir , Hitt kiss- ~ kisa(i)- 'to comb', kiske/a 'comb', Luw kis 'to comb', Lith kasa 'braid', OCS kosa 'braid, hair', cesati 'to scratch, to comb', and specifically in regard to wool, as Gk ksaino 'scrape, comb [hair or wool], full [cloth]', or flax, as in OEng heordan [pi] 'hards [of flax], tow' (M-A2 233), with differing semantics in OInd kacchu 'itching' or ksura 'knife, thorny plant' [ > Bur as chur 'big knife' (B 107], NPers sor 'salty' (IEW 585-586) (G 175)'(Trubacev 1974, IV: 86).