(28) In addition, the correlation among the survey items relate to the OHCPs' opinions about the adequacy of previous training, attitudes and knowledge of IPV.
(29) Other literature has reported on whether health care providers have had training, but most did not gather information on the number of hours OHCPs had received regarding IPV education or training.
This is lower than seen in studies with other health care providers, which is of concern given that 60 to 77% of IPV injuries are to the head and neck area and OHCPs acknowledge a role in reducing the prevalence of IPV.
The areas where OHCPs feel most prepared to manage IPV was documenting it in patient charts and requirements for legal reporting, which is consistent with research found in other health care professions.
(23,25,26,30) IPV research has found less than 50% of health care providers and OHCPs refer patients to social services when IPV is suspected, and this study found 28% refer to IPV hotlines, battered women's shelters, and other local and national domestic violence resources.
The strengths of this cross-sectional survey included the use of a validated questionnaire to explore the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of OHCPs in relationship to intimate partner violence with a national sample of OHCPs.
I bring to the issue of the constitutionality of OHCP considerable baggage, but it is good baggage.
(5) The OHCP would rearrange costs and benefits somewhat without bringing overall improvement.
Yet, even after the Supreme Court clearly signaled that it was having second thoughts about the appropriateness of using the commerce clause to support a laundry list of legislation, OHCP employs boilerplate language linking it to the same clause used to justify federal authority to build the Panama Canal.
OHCP's overt linkage to the commerce clause flouts 15 years of judicial "Danger!" signs.
This should arouse concern, not just about OHCP, not just about the commerce clause, not just about federal power, but about the Supreme Court's role in establishing both state and national policy.
In the meantime, the court will rule on OHCP. Because the OHCP is no threat to entrenched elites, it doesn't matter so much to the status quo what the court decides.