OINDOther Inflammatory Neurological Diseases
References in periodicals archive ?
Lat cervus 'stag', Lith karve 'cow', Rus korova 'cow', Gk korudos 'crested lark', Av srva- 'horn; claw, talon' and further ON hrutr 'ram', Gk karnos 'sheep', krios 'ram', OInd srrigam 'horn', Hitt kar(a)war 'horns' (Gottlieb 16) (IEW 574) (G 345-6) (M-A2 137).
Bur hanik which B 189 (not found in the neighbouring IA languages) derives directly from OInd handika (T 14050) or Ys gendes : Hz Ng genis 'gold' (B 175).
Gk etos 'year') similar to OEng wether 'wether', Goth wiprus 'one year old Iamb', OIcl vedr, OHG widar 'wether' < Grmc *wethruz perhaps 'yearling', with other suffixes: Lat vitulus 'calf, yearling' (Wat 101), OInd vatsd 'year; yearling, calf, Alb vitsh 'calf (IEW 1175).
with the t-formant: OInd putrd 'son, child', Lat putus, putillus 'boy', pullus 'young, young (of animals)', Ose puklo- 'child', Balt-Sl *puta 'bird', Lith putytis 'young animal, young bird' (IEW 842-3).
Can be compared with IE *deik-, *deig- 'to show, pronounce solemnly, also in derivatives referring to the directing of words or objects', with semantics in IE of 'throw', 'justice, right', 'show, teach', 'sign, mark', 'sample, pattern', 'direction', 'region', 'meadow, pasture', 'rule, cannon, measure' (Wat 14) (M-A 158), e.g., Gk dikein 'to throw', deiknunai 'to show', OInd di's- 'direction', ON tegr 'strip of land', OHG zeiga 'directions', Av daesa 'direction, region', OEng tik ~ tik 'meadow, pasture', and from the variant *deig- OEng taecan 'show, teach', ta(c)en 'sign, mark', Goth taikns 'sign', Lat index 'indicator, forefinger' (< 'pointer') (M-A 159).
A comparison is possible with developments from IE *kes- 'to comb, scratch, itch': Mir cir , Hitt kiss- ~ kisa(i)- 'to comb', kiske/a 'comb', Luw kis 'to comb', Lith kasa 'braid', OCS kosa 'braid, hair', cesati 'to scratch, to comb', and specifically in regard to wool, as Gk ksaino 'scrape, comb [hair or wool], full [cloth]', or flax, as in OEng heordan [pi] 'hards [of flax], tow' (M-A2 233), with differing semantics in OInd kacchu 'itching' or ksura 'knife, thorny plant' [ > Bur as chur 'big knife' (B 107], NPers sor 'salty' (IEW 585-586) (G 175)'(Trubacev 1974, IV: 86).
From the underlying IE verb *(s)p(h)el- 'to split [break in two], cut off, tear off; board' (IEW 985-7) we have: OInd phalati 'breaks, cuts in two' (T 9057), patati 'blows up', Ksh phalun 'to break in two' (and with wide distribution in Indo-Aryan, yet apparently not found in Shina or Khowar) and further Gk sphallo 'trip, knock over, separate, hesitate' etc.
(22) Other historical examples: Bur bada 'sole of foot; step, pace' (B 29) : OInd pada 'footstep, track, pace', in Ys baya 'same' < (?) Pkt paya- 'footstep, foot' < IE *ped-, *pod- (nom.
OInd paman- 'skin disease', plyati 'insults' (M-A 313).