As stated, organizational learning posits a structural facet, which consists of organizational learning mechanisms (OLMs), and a cultural facet, which contains four learning values (Popper & Lipshitz, 1999).
(1) OLMs. The structural facet was measured on a four-item scale.
The first factor was defined by seven items and reflected OCBI, accounting for 17.2% of the variance, with eigenvalue 6.22; the second factor was defined by six items and reflected OCBO, accounting for 13.4% of the variance, with eigenvalue 4.79; the third factor was defined by four items and reflected OLMs, accounting for 10.6% of the variance, with eigenvalue 3.77; and the fourth to seventh factors represented the four learning values: issue orientation (10 items, accounting for 9.4% of the variance, with eigenvalue 3.33), valid information (9 items, accounting for 6.3% of the variance, with eigenvalue 2.12), accountability (11 items, accounting for 5.1% of the variance, with eigenvalue 1.58), and transparency (5 items, accounting for 3.2% of the variance, with eigenvalue 1.14).
de Bopp, reprint of 1845 (Hildesheim: Olms, 1974); Charles Sealsfield, Suden und Norden, Samtliche Werke, Vols.
Arndt, reprint of 1846 (Hildesheim: Olms, 1976); Lebensbilder aus der westlichen Hemisphare, Pflanzerleben I, Pflanzerleben II, Die Farbigen, Samtliche Werke, Vols.
For decades, biologists treated these curios as remnants of the most ancient olms that haven't shed all their daylight ways.
Caption: Long, skinny white olms, which keep their red gill tufts even after sexual maturity, wriggle like eels to swim through cave streams.
Concerned by what they felt to be increasing rigidity and decreasing understanding of what to do with related research as the idea of organizational learning became more popular, these authors used 15 years of research and experience to develop a multi-faceted model/ They describe the resulting organizational learning mechanisms (OLMs
), including offline and online, as they relate to use internally and externally, cultural issues, the psychological threat and safety behind productive learning, contexts, managerial channels of influence and the dissemination of knowledge.