1,2) Too much reliance on OOP
payments prevents countries from reaching universal health coverage (UHC).
As can be seen in the odds ratio column, not attending the OOP
retreat reduced a student's odds of honors program completion by 48.
Total health expenditure and OOP
health expenditure for rare diseases in 2014 were obtained from the questionnaires and taken as the dependent variables.
Relying on the direct users of health care to pay some (or occasionally all) of their medical expenses can help reduce the moral hazard associated with insurance, and in many instances paying OOP
can be fair as some expenses reflect individual preferences and income instead of medical necessity.
Plans are not required to count cost sharing with respect to non-network providers toward the OOP
For example, 10% of those with health events could have a $17,000 increase in OOP
in the next year (Smith 2003).
patients can be prioritized by income level, insurance status, location and so on (Figure 1).
We initially report the population characteristics of census region, gender, age group, race/ethnic origin, disease burden, dual eligibility status, PDP status, and relative OOP
Moreover even though OOP
nursing home expenses are only one fifth of total OOP
expenses, they account for half of the additional savings accumulated due to the absence of public coverage.
AOP differs most from OOP
in the way it addresses crosscutting concerns.
Similarly, many software developers regard OOP
as a more intuitive tool than conventional programming techniques because it enables them to work with objects - pieces of existing code that perform a particular function, for example - rather than the individual alphanumeric characters that make up a programming function.
Having heard a lot about the advantages of object-oriented programming (OOP
), Shelley decided to use an OOP
language that had just become available, C + +.