The Dhaka Bypass is the first step in our strategy to bring Bangladesh roads to the global market based on the PPP model." ADB's OPPP also provided legal support for this transaction and helped to develop a concession contract template for road PPPs through the Asia Pacific Project Preparation Facility (AP3F), a multi-donor trust fund managed by ADB.
ADB has long supported PPPs and in 2014 established the OPPP to provide independent transactional advice and develop broader PPP knowledge and expertise in the region.
The ADB has long supported PPPs and, in 2014, established the OPPP
to provide independent transactional advice and develop broader PPP knowledge and expertise in
ADB has long supported PPPs and on 1 September 2014 established the OPPP
to provide independent transaction advice on specific deals and develop broader PPP knowledge in the region.
In this issue of EHP, Joseph Falkinham of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in Blacksburg and colleagues review the epidemiology and ecology of what are known as opportunistic premise plumbing pathogens (OPPPs).
OPPPs are so ubiquitous in plumbing systems that many experts now consider them normal inhabitants, rather than contaminants, of drinking water distribution systems.
Reducing organic carbon might also be expected to reduce OPPP concentrations because all three of the species discussed herein are heterotrophs, requiring organic carbon for growth.
Individuals or building managers can also employ measures to reduce OPPP numbers in premise plumbing (Rhoads et al.