In its November 1, 2005, comments to GAO, EPA's OPPT
indicates that the agency "is proud of the progress [it] has made in protecting human health and the environment....
The Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics (OPPT
) (202/260-3810) performs risk analysis assessment and regulates chemicals and the conditions under which they may be used.
A prime concern is perchloroethylene (PCE), a solvent used in dry cleaning, says Mary Ellen Weber, director of OPPT
's Economics, Exposure, and Technology Div.
But in many cases, there simply weren't enough existing data to make that determination, putting the agency in a catch-22: wanting new data without the means to force industry to provide it, according to current OPPT
director Wendy Cleland-Hamnett.
As first reported by Inside EPA, OPPT
began to develop the prioritization system after it became clear that earlier plans to more vigorously pursue existing chemicals under TSCA fell short of expectations.
Design for the Environment (DfE) - The EPA Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics (OPPT
) also houses a program directed at assisting small and medium sized businesses in targeted industries in considering environmental impacts in the product design phase.
The performance measures for managing risks from new chemicals developed by EPA's Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics (OPPT
) and Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) "do not accurately reflect program performance in preventing risk, nor do they assure compliance," said the report by the agency's Office of the Inspector General (OIG).
Shortly after the passage of the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990, the Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics (OPPT
) began to explore the idea of developing new or improving existing chemical products and processes to make them less hazardous to human health and the environment.
Statement of Intent between the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) and the United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention's (OCSPP) Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics (OPPT
) and Office of Research and Development's (ORD) National Center for Computational Toxicology (NCCT), Related to Chemical Management Activities.