Since extension performance might be related to performance at the regional level and at the district level, within the overall region, OSFP participants and nonparticipants were selected by a stratified random sample procedure from 24 communities in two distinct districts in eastern India, namely, Cuttack and Sambalpur.
The lead researcher was highly familiar with the OSFP and had worked on the project.
For the purposes of the analysis, participation in OSFP was assigned the value 1 for participants (those who had grown 20 or more trees) and 0 for nonparticipants (less than 20 trees).
The emphasis of the extension programme in the first phase of OSFP was on personal contact and visits rather than on other media.
At the inception of the project, community forestry was initiated by organizing meetings in target villages--nursery and community plantation activity was spread onto some 10,000 villages in the first phase of the OSFP (1983-88) and 11,000 in the second phase (1988-93).
Only 10% of those surveyed had taken part in OSFP training, with 5% of respondents participating regularly and a further 5% attending less often.
It was assumed that listening to an OSFP broadcast in the "krishi sansar" programme or farming news would raise farmers' awareness and influence farmers' attitudes and therefore provide an impetus to make contact with the extension project.