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Vannevar Bushb (1941-1945), Office of Scientific Roosevelt Director, Office of Research and Scientific Research and Development (OSRD; Development 1941) Truman John Steelman (b) (1946- 1947), Special Assistant to the President (1945-1946); Assistant to the President (1946-1953); Chairman, The President's Scientific Research Board (1946-1947) Oliver Buckleyb (1951- 1952); Chair, Science Advisory Committee (SAC) Lee DuBridge (b) (1952- 1953), Chair, SAC Eisenhower Lee DuBridge (1953-1956), Office of the Special Chair, SAC; Science Adviser Assistant to the to the President Isidor I.
Instead, Roosevelt asked Bush to prepare a report analyzing how the OSRD's role could be played in peacetime collaboration of government and the scientific community for achieving "improvement of the national health, the creation of enterprises bringing new jobs, and the betterment of the national standard of living." (3) Bush's report, published in 1945 as Science--the Endless Frontier, is perhaps the decisive document charting the institutional framework for science in the latter part of the twentieth century and into the twenty-first.
The mission-oriented agencies had long since inherited their research agendas from the dissolution of the OSRD and established their own goal-oriented programs of research: the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Atomic Energy Commission, and the research agencies of the three military services.
Opposing Kilgore's social welfare notions were Vannevar Bush, head of OSRD, and most of America's high-level research scientists.
Roosevelt's hard-won authority to create new executive agencies - were necessary, if not sufficient, preconditions for OSRD's achievements.(7) Third was ideology.
The establishment of ONR at the end of World War II reflected the concern of several of the naval officers who had been associated with the work of the wartime Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD) and of leaders in both the legislative and executive arms of the government that the vitality and momentum of wartime research would be lost in the postwar years and the level of civilian scientific research would be disastrously diminished.
The OSRD was also trying to identify the chemical structure of penicillin to produce a synthetic version.
During the 1970s, the Office of Standard Reference Data (OSRD) and the various data centers that it coordinated, embarked on a number of projects aimed at utilizing the growing power of digital computers to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the NBS data programs.
It will come as no surprise to anyone who has read David Noble's America By Design (1977) or Daniel Kevles's The Physicists (1978) that the Second World War was a watershed for MIT because of the influence of Vannevar Bush, a member of the electrical engineering faculty, head of the Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD) during the war (making him easily the most powerful technocrat in the country), and later president of MIT.
Office of Scientific Roosevelt (a) Research and Development (OSRD; 1941 Truman (b) The President's Scientific Research Board (1946-1947); Interdepartmental Committee for Scientific Research (1947) Eisenhower Office of the Special Federal Council for Assistant to the Science and Technology President for Science (FCST) (1959) and Technology (1957) Kennedy Office of Science and FCST Technology (OST; 1962) Johnson OST FCST Nixon (c) OST (until 1973, when FCST office abolished) Ford Office of Science and Federal Coordinating Technology Policy Council for Science, (1976) Engineering, and Technology (FCCSET; 1976, replaced FCST) Carter OSTP FCCSET dissolved as statutory entity and reestablished under an executive order (1978) Reagan OSTP FCCSET G.H.W.
Roosevelt Vannevar Bush (b) Office of (1941-1945); Director, Scientific Office of Scientific Research and Research and Development Development (OSRD; 1941) Truman (c) John Steelman (b) (1946-1947); Special Assistant to the President (1945-1946); Assistant to the President (1946-1953); Chairman, The President's Scientific Research Board (1946-1947) Oliver Buckley (b) (1951-1952); Chair, Science Advisory Committee (SAC) Lee DuBridge (b) (1952-1953), Chair, SAC Eisenhower Lee DuBridge Office of the (1953-1956), Chair, SAC; Special Assistant Science Adviser to to the President the President Isidor I.
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