is equipped to receive information in 11 languages -- English, Hindi, Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Oriya and Gujarati.
(34.) Ontario Deputy Minister's Committee, "Report on Radiological Water Pollution in the Elliot Lake and Bancroft Areas," (Toronto 1965), 2; 47-48, Engineering Library, University of Toronto; Ontario Water Resources Commission (OWRC
) Report (Toronto 1971), 3, 5, 6, 11, 14.
According to the data collected here, citizens' participation is not remarkably high, but even their modest cooperation may cause a great benefit if it is extrapolated to the whole city Results of a similar study run by Tehran's OWRC show the effects of a source separation program in the total and elemental waste generation in the first six months of 2004 (Figure 2).
Data collected from OWRC of Tehran's municipality shows the cost of each process in source separation (Table 3).
There has been at least one documented instance where OWRC has declined to allow additional use of water beyond the adjudicated duty.
In contrast, in 1994, OWRC issued a temporary permit allowing the Grants Pass Irrigation District (GPID), in southwestern Oregon, to continue its historic, inefficient diversion that exceeded the adjudicated rate and duty.(195) OWRC conditioned water use on the development, adoption, and implementation of a plan to improve water use efficiency and fish passage at the district's point of diversion.(196) The state's action in GPID's situation is an example of the state's willingness to work cooperatively to resolve waste issues rather than undertaking enforcement.
The 1995-97 strategic state water plan recognizes the problems caused by the state's historic failure to enforce against waste and outlines a strategy for determining efficient and wasteful water use practices.(200) According to OWRC, the program draws a "clear distinction between conservation programs designed to encourage voluntary efforts to improve water use efficiency and enforcement programs targeted toward waste reduction."(201) However, OWRC's strategy to "enforce" against waste looks remarkably like a voluntary conservation program.
During the 1995-97 biennium, OWRC proposes first to work with "local and statewide interests to develop agreements on reasonable expectations of efficient water use practices on a sub-basin level."(202) The agency will then work with "local groups to convert agreements on efficient and wasteful water use practices into administrative rules .
OWRC determined it was unnecessary to attach a sunset clause to its rulemaking because Oregon state agencies must review and update all rules every three years.(130) OWRC will also review and may revise the role as additional information becomes available concerning the recovery of threatened and endangered fish stocks in the Columbia and Snake River Basins.(131) Thus, when NPPC revises its program and NMFS develops a fish recovery plan, or if a court decision affects the current rules, OWRD could revisit the rule.(132)
On June 3, 1994, OWRC authorized its staff to initiate rulemaking to ensure protection for threatened and endangered fish species below the Bonneville Dam.(143) OWRD created a rule that applies to water below Bonneville Dam, but only to applications filed after April 8 or June 3, 1994, depending on the area.(144)
OWRC defended the seasonal limitation of the rule, citing a "general agreement among biologists" that flows need to be augmented for fish runs only from April 15 to September 30.(155) Although additional flows may be needed at other times, OWRC claimed it lacked data sufficient to support an expansion or elimination of the seasonal limitation on new appropriations.(156)
(108) OWRC is a governor-appointed, seven-member commission that establishes policies for the operation of its staff, the Oregon Water Resources Department