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References in periodicals archive ?
P fractions were extracted sequentially from soil samples as follows: dicalcium phosphate ([Ca.sub.2]-P) was extracted in 0.25 M NaHC[O.sub.3] (pH 7.5), octacalcium phosphate ([Ca.sub.8]-P) was extracted in N[H.sub.4]Ac 0.5 M (pH 4.2), aluminium phosphate (Al-P) was extracted in 0.5 M N[H.sub.4]F (pH 8.2), iron phosphate (Fe-P) was extracted in 0.1M NaOH-0.05 M [Na.sub.2]C[O.sub.3], occluded phosphate (OC-P) was extracted in 0.3 M [Na.sub.3]Cit-[Na.sub.2][S.sub.2][O.sub.4]-Na0H and apatite ([Ca.sub.10]-P) was extracted in 0.25 M [H.sub.2]S[O.sub.4].
In vitro and in vivo degradation of biomimetic octacalcium phosphate and carbonate apatite coatings on titanium implants.
Dicalcium phosphate anhydrous (DCPA) and dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD) (5), octacalcium phosphate (OCP) (6) and other calcium phosphate compounds (5), (7-9) are used either as components or formed as products of calcium phosphate bone cements.
Kinetics of crystallization of octacalcium phosphate. J Phys Chem 1984;88:2478-81.
[beta]-TCP, [beta]-Tricalcium phosphate; OCP, octacalcium phosphate; DCP, dicalcium phosphate; DCPD, dicalcium phosphate dihydrate.
When added to soil containing large amounts of calcium, soluble P is usually precipitated as dicalcium phosphate or octacalcium phosphate [1].
Octacalcium phosphate ([Ca.sub.8][H.sub.2]([[PO.sub.4]).sub.6] * [5H.sub.2]O; OCP) has been proposed to be a precursor in the formation of apatitic calcium phosphate minerals in bones and teeth (1).
In neutral to alkaline soils, DCP dissolution is much slower, allowing formation of octacalcium phosphate (OCP) and possibly colloidal hydroxyapatite.
For example, the solubility of P compounds follows: dicalcium phosphate dihydratc (DCPD) > octacalcium phosphate (OCP)> (3-tricalcium phosphate (TCP) > hydroxyapatite (HA) regardless of the solution composition such as pH, Ca, and P concentration, etc.
CPCs of different compositions can form different end products such as hydroxyapatite (HA), octacalcium phosphate, and dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD), also known as brushite.
Zirconyl salts (5), polyacids (6) and chemically coupling hydroxyethyl methacrylate to octacalcium phosphate through co-precipitation methods.